Nature & Wildlife

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List of Birds, Animals and Plants in Kolukkumalai

Birds

  1.       Common Blackbird
  2.       Grey Wagtail
  3.       Malabar Whistling Thrush
  4.       Hill Myna
  5.       Oriental White Eye
  6.       Red Whiskered Bulbul

Animals

  1.       Nilgiri Langur
  2.       Indian Giant Squirrel
  3.       Nilgiri Tahr

Plants

  1.       Saffron
  2.       Neela Kurunchi
  3.       Silver Oak Trees
  4.       Tea Trees

Birds

  1.       Common Blackbird

The Common blackbird is also called Eurasian Blackbird. The scientific name of the bird is Turdus Merula. This species normally appears in Europe, Asia and North Africa. The common blackbird eating a wide range of insects, earthworms, seed and fruit. It starts breeding in the month of march but eastern and Indian races are a month or more later.

  1.       Grey Wagtail

The scientific name of the bird is Motacila Cinerea. It is a small member of wagtail family. This wagtail spends much time walking or running on the ground. There is a lot of racial variation. Distinctive features of the male are yellow under parts, olive to green upper parts with dark ear coverts. The head may be grey, olive-green, or black with yellow or white super cilium (missing in only two races). The female is grey above and white below with an overall yellow wash. It is best sighted at Water bodies.  

  1.       Malabar Whistling Thrush

The scientific name of the bird is Myophonus Horsfield II. It is dark indigo with a black head, neck and breast. There are bright blue patches on the shoulders and forehead. The juvenile has a black back and belly. The male has a melodious whistling call. It is a resident of the Western Ghats and the hills of peninsular India. It is best sighted near forest streams and gardens.

  1.       Hill Myna

The scientific name of the bird is Gracula Religiosa. A popular cage bird renowned for its ability to imitate speech, it has a green-glossed black plumage, purple-tinged on the head and neck. There are large white wing patches which are seen in flight. There are yellow wattles on the nape and under the eye. It is best sighted at forests.

  1.       Oriental White Eye

The scientific name of the bird is Zosterops Palpebrosus. This is a tiny yellow green bird with a prominent white eye ring and its underparts are white except for a bright yellow throat and breast. It is found in flocks and is very active in the dense undergrowth, often hanging upside down from the flowers. It is best sighted at forest and gardens.

  1.       Red Whiskered Bulbul

The scientific name of the bird is Pycnonotus Jocosus. It has a tall pointed black crest, red and white cheek patch and thin black moustache. The tail is long and brown with white terminal feathers, and a red vent. It has brown upper parts with a dark spur running onto the breast at shoulder level. It is best sighted at human habitation, gardens and forests.

 

Animals

  1.       Nilgiri Langur

The scientific name is Trachypithecus johnii. It is a lutung found in the nilgiri Hills of the Western Ghats in South India. It is a vulnerable species by the International Union for conservation of Nature. It also appears at Kodagu in Karnataka and Kodayar Hills in Tamilnadu. The species is endangered due to deforestation and poaching for its fur and flesh .

  1.       Indian Giant Squirrel

Indian Giant Squirrel is the largest tree squirrel species genus Ratufa native to india. It also called as Malabar Giant Squirrel. The Indian Giant Squirrel is an upper-canopy dwelling species, which rarely leaves trees.  It requires tall profusely branched trees for the construction of nests. It is a shy, wary animal and not easy to discover. It plays a vital role in shaping the eco system of its habitats by engaging in seed dispersal.

  1.       Nilgiri Tahr

The Scientific name is Nilgiritragus Hylocrius. It also called as Nilgiri Ibex or Ibex. It is the state animal of Tamilnadu. It is more closely related with sheep of the Ovis genus then the Ibex and wild goats of the Capra genus. It normally appears in the Nilgiri Hills and southern portion of the Western Ghats in the state of Tamilnadu.

 

Plants

  1.       Saffron

Saffron is the spice cultivated from the flower Crocus Sativus. It is also commonly called as Saffron Crocus. Saffron is one among the world’s most costly spices by weight. It is mainly used as Seasoning and coloring ingredient in food. It also used as ingredient in traditional medicine. The saffron crocus plants grow average less than 30cm in height and it bears up to four flowers each with three rich bright red stigmas.  Saffron buds appear only in the month October in plants.

  1.       Neela Kurinji

Neela Kurinji is a shrub found in the Western Ghats in South India. Neela Kurinji flowers blossoms only once in 12 Years. The scientific name of the plant is Strobilanthes Kunthiana. It requires an altitude of 1300 to 2400 metres.  The Woody plants grow smaller than tree usually upto 30cm to 60cm high.

  1.       Tea Trees
  2.       Silver Oak Trees